What is an Embryo Transfer?
A final step in In Vitro Fertilization is the embryo transfer procedure. When you undergo IVF treatment, A fertility drug stimulates the ovaries and releases healthy eggs. Then, a doctor will take out these eggs from the women’s reproductive organs & fertilize them in a laboratory. After the fertilized eggs multiply, the doctor transfers the embryos to the woman’s uterus to begin a pregnancy. The embryos must get attached to the womb walls or the uterus.
When Does Someone Need Embryo Transfer?
A person chooses In Vitro Fertilization and embryo transfer when natural fertilization isn’t possible or is not taking place. There are a variety of reasons for embryo transfer, for example:
- Ovulation Issues: If ovulation is not frequent, eggs will not develop appropriately.
- The damage caused to Fallopian tubes: Fallopian tubes are the pathway through which embryos pass towards the uterus. If the tubes have damage, it can be impossible for the eggs to make it into the womb safely.
- Endometriosis: A condition in which tissue from the uterus grows outside of the uterus. It could affect the way your female reproductive system functions.
- Premature Obesity: When the ovaries are not functioning correctly, they don’t produce normal estrogen levels or release eggs regularly.
- Uterine fibroids: Small tumors within the uterus’s walls. They may hinder the egg’s ability to implant its uterus and grow and prevent the conception process.
- Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions can stop pregnancy from happening.
- Impaired Sperm Production: In men, low production of sperm in men, a slow movement of sperm, damage to testes, or abnormalities in the semen are just a few reasons why natural fertilization could not work.
Anyone diagnosed with one of these conditions should think about IVF or embryo transfer as an alternative.
What are the Different Types of Embryo Transfer?
Transfer of fresh embryos: After the eggs have been fertilized, they are cultured for about a week. A physician will pick the best embryos for direct transfer to a woman’s uterus.
Transfer of frozen embryos: The embryos that are healthy and not used during the initial transplant can be frozen to be used in the future. A doctor can thaw the frozen embryos before the procedure and transfer them into the uterus.
Blastocyst embryo transfer: Several healthy embryos form after fertilization. It’s typical to wait to see whether they turn into blastocysts. According to a study published in the Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, blastocyst embryo transfers succeed more than standard embryo transfers. But, further research suggests it might be a risk later on during pregnancy and may not be advisable to someone.
Assisted hatching: An investigation in Reproductive Biomedicine Online revealed that assisted hatching – which weakens an embryo’s outer skin before transfer to the uterus does not increase pregnancy or the rate of implantation in women with freshly transferred embryos. However, the researchers found that women having treatment with frozen embryos can benefit
What is the Procedure for Embryo Transfer?
Transferring embryos is similar to the procedure for a Pap smear. To keep the vaginal wall open, the doctor will insert a speculum inside the vagina of the woman. Utilizing ultrasound to ensure accuracy, The doctor will pass an instrument through the cervix and then to the womb. After that, a doctor will transfer the embryos through the tube into the womb.
The procedure is generally painless and does not need any medicine to relax. Some women may experience discomfort when a physician inserts the speculum to perform an ultrasound.
What is the Cost of the Embryo Transfer Procedure?
There are many methods by which Physicians can address infertility. Expense estimates for each intervention or treatment may differ accordingly. The cost of embryo transfer could range from (40,000 to 60000 Rs) just for one embryo transfer anywhere in India. However, the embryo transfer cost & total IVF cost in Jaipur is relatively low compared to other metropolitan cities. It starts only from 1 Lakh per cycle at the best leading IVF center (Mishka IVF), with a team of highly experienced doctors and affordable treatment options for patients with an appropriate IVF success rate.
What After the Embryo Transfer?
A doctor will fix a follow-up appointment for two weeks later to determine whether the embryo gets implant correctly or not. Following this procedure, females could be prone to cramping, bloating, and vaginal discharge.
Risks Associated with Transfers of Embryos
The risks related to embryo transfers are less in number. The main risk is increased stimulation of hormones, which can lead to the formation of blood clots in the blood vessels. Women can also be prone to bleeding, changes in Vaginal discharge and infections, and complications with anesthesia. The most significant risk associated with an embryo transfer would be the possibility of multiple births. Embryos that attach to the uterus in multiples may increase the risk of stillbirth and births with disabilities. Pregnancies with IVF have higher chances of disabilities & stillbirth children in comparison to natural pregnancies.
In the end, it is possible to say that all couples have difficulty in conceiving or becoming pregnant. The embryo transfer method is a procedure that couples can use to help achieve pregnancy. It’s a less painful procedure that is efficient as well as secure. If you’re seeking help, make sure to pick a highly qualified specialist who has the experience to provide the highest quality of treatment.