What is the difference between oral surgery and extraction?

What is the difference between oral surgery and extraction?

People visit dentists for all sorts of different reasons. Your dental needs will also change throughout your life. One year you may require treating cavities, but you may decide to go for teeth whitening or porcelain veneers the following year. Similarly, as children, you may require tooth extraction to help make way for your permanent teeth. As an adult, tooth extraction might be needed to serve a medical purpose, or it may be necessary to fit a new bridge or veneers. Whatever the reason may be for your extractions, your dentist will follow one of the two methods to remove your problematic tooth: simple or surgical extraction. But what’s the difference between these two methods? If you have the same question, then this blog is for you. Here, we will discuss the critical differences between these two procedures. 

Simple Tooth Extractions

As the name suggests, simple tooth extractions are relatively straightforward procedures your dentist performs in the office. This procedure requires little to no recovery time and can be done on clearly visible teeth. The dentist numbs the surrounding area during this procedure so you don’t experience any discomfort. They will then use a tool called an elevator and loosen the tooth from its socket. Once your tooth is loosened, your dentist will entirely remove the tooth using forceps. And that’s it! Your simple extraction is now complete.

What’s more, this procedure is generally quick and can help remove multiple teeth at once if needed. But you may require post-extraction aftercare for a speedy recovery. While it’s advisable to follow your dentist’s instructions after having simple extractions, you will notice little disruption to your routine habits other than slight swelling and certain foods to avoid for the first few days followed by simple extraction.  

Surgical Tooth Extractions

Surgical tooth extraction refers to the process of teeth removal using additional surgical steps that are different from routine extractions. Your oral surgeon uses this method to remove teeth that aren’t visible in the mouth, like teeth hidden in the gums. Teeth that have broken and only the root is intact often require surgical methods. This technique is the best option for having broken or infected teeth. An oral maxillofacial surgeon usually performs this procedure. However, some dentists are also trained to perform surgical tooth extractions.

During this procedure, your surgeon will cut your gum to access the problematic tooth. They will then remove the tooth either by breaking it into smaller chunks or intact. But don’t worry about the pain since your dentist will likely use sedation dentistry while performing this procedure. Your surgeon may administer a local anesthetic to make the process easier for you. Your surgeon will recommend you follow a more diligent aftercare routine in the first few days for this procedure. So make sure you know how to take the best care of yourself and your mouth during the recovery period.


Now that you know the difference between simple extraction and oral surgery, this information will help you better prepare for either. If you have a question about tooth extraction or oral surgery, or you’d like to schedule an appointment at maxillofacial surgery in Cypress, Texas, contact Rock Creek Oral Surgery. We look forward to helping you and your family!

Rock Creek Oral Surgery Specialists

14119 Grant Rd Suite 140, Cypress, TX 77429

(832) 930-7801

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